DEALING WITH WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. It is always a good thing to train your staff on how to handle chemical and material spills even when the risk of it actually spilling is minimal. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
First Responder Awareness
This level involves everyone who enters a facility including personal who don’t usually deal with chemicals including office personal. this level requires only four hours of training as the employees here are only taught the basics regarding handling chemicals. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
Training for those responders involved in operation.
This level is for workers who have the job of keeping spills from spreading and to keep unauthorized personnel away from the spills. This level of training requires eight hours for it to be complete. The terms referring to hazardeous materials are defined and explained as well as the procedure of carrying out risk assessment. Other skills taught include how to wear protective equipment and clothing as well as how to contain the spill.
Training the technicians.
These employees actually enter the spill area and stop spilled material from spreading. Hazardous materials technicians need 24 hours of training. In this level of training, the techniques for assessing risk are taught further deeper as well as chemical and toxicological hazards. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
Hazardous Materials Specialist
This level trains the experts on how to handle hazardous materials in the site and how to communicate it with the federal state or government. They receive 24 hours of class training including detailed training on chemical, radiological and toxicological hazards. This training delves further to discussing the various decontamination procedures and which is appropriate and for which situation as well as how to perform the procedures not forgetting the various personal protective equipment for various situation.
The commander training
the incident commander is the one in charge of all the incidents that occur in the organization and as a result are entitled to receive the highest level of training. Despite the fact that the amount of time required to do the training may vary from institution to institution, the minimum number of hours required is 24 hours. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.